International Journal of Social, Humanities and Life Sciences 2024-04-05T12:13:32+00:00 Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal of Social, Humanities and Life Sciences</p> Quorum Sensing in Bacteria; Cell-to-cell Communication and Signaling Mechanism. 2024-01-30T09:37:25+00:00 Rameen Atique Hafiza Arshi Saeed Bushra Anwar Aqsa Perveen Javeria Sharif Ayesha Haidar Areesha Naveed Tehreem Rana Hafiza Rida Fatima Abdul Samad <p>Quorum sensing is a signaling mechanism in which bacteria coordinate with one another through chemical mediators. This system allows bacteria to communicate with the help of signals and work together to enlarge population density. The actual mechanism of quorum sensing depends on the secretion of auto-inducers (chemical signals) which are tiny molecules discharged by bacteria. In gram-positive bacteria, the chemicals that serve for quorum sensing are auto-inducer peptides (AIPs). At the same time, gram-negative bacteria induce quorum sensing by acylated homoserine lactone (AHL) molecules. In the beginning, the concentration of autoinducers boosts relatively and the population becomes dense. When the level of auto-inducers arrives at a threshold concentration, the transcription of genes occurs. The expression of genes exhibits characteristics such as biofilm development, symbiotic relationships, and pathogenic factors. The assortment of quorum sensing enables bacteria to adapt to various environmental developments. To lessen the intensity and virulence of quorum sensing, a strategy of quorum quenching is formulated. A set of enzymes is used to decrease the activity of quorum-sensing regulated bacterial species. Besides all this, quorum sensing has vast applications in the fields of medicine and agriculture. It is used to synthesize antibacterial treatments (quorum sensing inhibitors QSI) to disrupt various bacterial infections. In the agricultural department, quorum sensing can improve plant-bacteria symbiotic associations, enhancing crop development and protection against disease.&nbsp; The manipulation of bacterial interactions can provide various benefits to modern scientific research and applications. This review is a brief overview of the mechanism of quorum sensing in bacteria which describes the aspects of Quorum sensing.</p> 2024-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Social, Humanities and Life Sciences Synergies of AI and Smart Technology: Revolutionizing Cancer Medicine, Vaccine Development, and Patient Care 2024-03-19T04:53:44+00:00 Ashish Shiwlani Murad Khan Abdul Mannan Khan Sherani Muhammad Umer Qayyum <p>In recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a transformative force in healthcare, revolutionizing patient care through smart technology solutions. This paper explores the profound impact of AI on patient care, particularly in the realms of vaccine development and novel approaches to cancer medicine. By leveraging AI algorithms and machine learning techniques, healthcare providers can enhance diagnostic accuracy, personalize treatment plans, and improve overall patient outcomes. AI-driven advancements have significantly accelerated vaccine development processes, enabling the rapid creation of vaccines for emerging infectious diseases and enhancing global immunization efforts. Additionally, AI is pioneering novel approaches in cancer medicine, from early detection methods to tailored therapies that target specific genetic mutations. This paper delves into the intersection of AI technology with healthcare, highlighting its potential to transform healthcare delivery and shape the future of medicine.</p> <p> </p> 2024-03-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Social, Humanities and Life Sciences Synergizing Solar Cell Innovation, Radio Wave Technology, and AI for Sustainable Business Growth: A Comprehensive Review 2024-03-19T05:15:23+00:00 Mohammad Ali <p>The convergence of solar cell technology, radio wave energy harvesting, and artificial intelligence (AI) is examined in this review article along with the complex effects these technologies have on sustainability and commerce. It explores the unique advantages and group benefits of these technologies, emphasizing how they may be used to solve urgent societal issues. As the foundation of renewable energy, solar cell technology has advanced significantly in terms of cost reduction, efficiency enhancement, and application expansion. It offers financial advantages to both individuals and businesses in addition to environmental benefits. Photovoltaic cell-equipped solar panels are found in a variety of locations, including isolated places, rooftops, and even built-into common objects. Though it is most recognized for its use in wireless communication, radio wave technology is also being applied to energy harvesting. By capturing and converting radio frequency (RF) energy into electrical power, radio wave energy harvesting creates possibilities for self-sufficient sensor and communication systems. It has significant implications for environmental monitoring, precision agriculture, and the Internet of Things (IoT). AI, a transformative force in the business world, underpins decision-making, process automation, business intelligence, and predictive analytics. AI-driven business models enhance efficiency, improve customer experiences, and create new revenue streams. They are making inroads across various industries, from finance and healthcare to supply chain management and digital marketing. The integration of these technologies holds immense promise, marrying sustainability with profitability. Solar-powered radio wave devices, for example, can offer autonomous and sustainable communication and monitoring solutions for environmental research, agriculture, and smart cities.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> 2024-03-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Social, Humanities and Life Sciences Unlocking the Potential of Healthcare: AI-Driven Development and Delivery of Vaccines 2024-04-05T12:13:32+00:00 Saad Rasool Mohammad Ali Hafiz Muhammad shahroz Hafiz Khawar Hussain Ahmad Yousaf Gill <p>The integration of artificial intelligence (AI) into healthcare, particularly in vaccine development and distribution, presents both opportunities and challenges from an ethical perspective. This paper explores the ethical considerations surrounding AI implementation in healthcare, focusing on transparency, fairness, accountability, privacy, and ongoing evaluation. Ensuring responsible and equitable implementation of AI technologies is paramount to safeguarding individual rights, promoting fairness, and mitigating potential harms. Transparency is essential for building trust among stakeholders and promoting informed decision-making. Fairness and equity must be prioritized to mitigate biases and disparities in vaccine distribution and allocation. Accountability and responsibility are crucial for ensuring that AI algorithms are developed and deployed ethically, with mechanisms for recourse in case of errors or unintended consequences. Privacy and data protection are fundamental to safeguarding patient confidentiality and autonomy, requiring strict adherence to privacy standards and patient consent. Ongoing evaluation and monitoring of AI algorithms are necessary to assess their performance and impact on patient outcomes, with transparency regarding algorithmic decision-making processes. By addressing these ethical considerations and integrating them into AI-driven healthcare initiatives, stakeholders can harness the transformative potential of AI while upholding ethical standards and promoting public trust in healthcare systems.</p> 2024-04-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Social, Humanities and Life Sciences